URINARY BLADDER CANCER

A Urinary Bladder is one of the most important organs in human body. Its main function is to store urine. Urinary Bladder is located in the pelvis region, just above and behind the pubic bone. Creating public awareness and educating people about Bladder Cancer is very helpful not only to detect early but also to cure bladder cancer successfully.

 

Bladder Cancer occurs in the tissues of the bladder. It develops when cells in the bladder begin to grow abnormally. These cells develop mutations causing them to grow out of control. This abnormal growth of cells finally forms a tumor. Bladder Cancer is more commonly occur in men than women and usually affects older adults. There are three types of bladder cancer mainly include Transitional cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma.

 

Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

 

Many patients with bladder cancer can experience blood in their urine but no pain while urinating. Bladder cancer signs and symptoms can include:

 

  • Blood in Urine
  • Painful Urination
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Frequent Urination
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Pain in the Abdominal Area
  • Pain in the Lower Back

People should consult doctor if above signs and symptoms are found. Timely diagnosis is very important for the effective treatment.

 

Causes of Bladder Cancer

 

Causes of Bladder Cancer include:

 

  • Smoking
  • Tobacco use
  • Exposure to Chemicals
  • Exposure to Radiation
  • Chronic irritation of the lining of the bladder
  • Parasitic infections

 

Risk of Bladder Cancer

Smoking is the major risk factor of bladder cancer. Smoking causes almost half of all bladder cancers in men and women. Factors increasing the risk of developing bladder cancer include:

 

  • Smoking
  • Increasing Age
  • Male
  • Chronic Bladder Inflammation
  • Family history of Bladder Cancer
  • Chronic Bladder Infections
  • Low Fluid Consumption
  • Eating High Fat Diet
  • Previous Cancer Treatments
  • Previous Radiation Therapy to Treat Cancer in the Pelvic Area
  • White Skin People

Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer

 

Timely diagnosis of bladder cancer is very helpful for doctors to provide best treatment to patients. Today various advanced diagnosis methods are used to diagnose bladder cancer effectively. Common diagnosis methods are:

 

  • Imaging tests such as X rays, CT scan, MRI scan, Bone scan etc.
  • Urine Cytology
  • Biopsy
  • Cystoscopy

 

Treatment of Bladder Cancer

 

Treatment options for bladder cancer mainly depending on the various factors like type of bladder cancer, grade of the bladder cancer and stage of the bladder cancer. Bladder cancer treatments include:

 

  • Surgery

Cancer surgeon performs advanced surgery to remove cancerous tissue. Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TURBT) is an effective surgery to remove bladder cancer limited to the inner layers of the bladder. Cystectomy is surgery to remove all or part of the bladder.

 

  • Chemotherapy in the bladder (Intravesical Chemotherapy)

 This treatment is useful to treat tumors that are limited to the lining of the bladder and having a high risk of recurrence to a higher stage.

 

  • Intravesical therapy (Chemotherapy/BCG)

 This is a primary treatment option in most cases. Chemotherapy or BCG given in bladder increases the chances for cure in a patient who underwent a bladder removal surgery.

 

  • Radiation therapy

 Radiation therapy is used to destroy cancer cells.

 

  • Immunotherapy

 Immunotherapy is used to improve body’s immune system to fight cancer cells. In most of the cases, doctor provides a combination of treatments to patients.

 

Prevention of Bladder Cancer

 

Prevention is always better than cure. Certain factors can reduce the risk of getting bladder cancer such as:

 

  • Avoiding smoking
  • Avoiding secondhand cigarette smoke
  • Avoiding carcinogenic chemicals
  • Drinking plenty of water.

Today various advanced and effective treatment methods are introduced not only to control but to cure bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is curable, treatable and preventable. If patient is diagnosed with bladder cancer then he/she should not worry about bladder cancer. A well disciplined and effective treatment is helpful to cure bladder cancer.